Physiotherapy is a coveted procedure to treat muscle trains across the globe. A strain usually happens when your muscles, ligaments, and tissues have been stressed beyond a certain limit. The most common reasons are over-exercising or strain to result from sports injuries and heavy lifting. The common forms of muscle strains show up around your calf, lower back, arm and shoulder muscles and hamstring.
On your first consultancy with your physiotherapist, he/she will ask you about the activities that seem to have led to your injury. Apart from that, your diagnosis will also include past strains and a complete medical history. A thorough medical examination will give way to the symptoms. Consequently, a detailed treatment plan would be designed to meet your health goals. The approaches to physical therapy using physiotherapy include:
Heat / Ice
Temperature treatment is mostly used when the injury is a case of swelling. Most times, the therapist would be applying the ice pack / hot water pack for a definite period over regular intervals to reduce the pain. While heat will soften the muscles and increase the blood flow, ice packs reduce the pain and swelling.
Using technologies like USG and TENS, the therapist will use sound waves to reach deeper tissues in your body. The devices will apply a low current to the point of injury, thus addressing internal injuries, cuts, and inflammation.
Soft tissue mobilization
Massage and soft tissue mobilization help release from muscle spasms and tight muscles.
A manual intervention, soft stretching helps in the treatment of prolonged immobilization. This is usually after a surgery. Stretching helps soften those muscles that have been lying quietly for a while and gradually extend your flexibility and range of motion. Your physiotherapist will guide you through the process.
Muscles tend to become weak if you have not been able to contract or move your muscles for some time. This is usually after you are recovering from a long illness involving bed rest. Muscle strengthening helps you get back to normal life while gradually being able to do day-to-day activities. The exercise regime is planned according to the kind of recovery you are going through along with your fitness level, age, and health.
In this case, you can talk to your physiotherapist about the problem you are facing and get advice on the precautions to be followed along with future injury prevention. In most cases, this will also involve a change in your lifestyle, both at home and at your workplace.
A physiotherapist will also be able to help patients with treatment procedures like:
- Choosing a walking device
- Postural training
- Activity chart
- Use of braces
- Gait training
You may also visit a physiotherapist regarding home therapies in addition to your clinic treatment schedules. This includes exercises that may or may not be physically monitored by the trainer.